On November 10, 1937, Getúlio Vargas declared, in a nationwide radio address, that Brazil was under a new regime of government, the Estado Novo (New State). Characterized by the centralization of power, nationalism, anti-communism, and authoritarianism, the Estado Novo lasted until 1945 when Getúlio was overthrown by the Armed Forces.
Getúlio’s rise to power also came through a coup, and there was virtually no opposition. As soon as he took power, Getúlio Vargas closed the National Congress and abolished political parties. He imposed a new constitution that granted him complete control of the executive branch and established a new legislature. However, during his time in power, no democratic elections were held. One of the characteristics of Getúlio Vargas’s government was the pursuit of a national identity for Brazil.
Matheus is an entrepreneur at Araujo Media, where he serves as CEO and Creative Director. He shares analyses on his personal blog "matheusaraujo.me" and is currently pursuing a degree in Advertising and Propaganda. Moreover, he has a passion for history, particularly that of Brazil, which led him to become the founder and editor of the Brazilian History portal.