On November 10, 1937, Getúlio Vargas declared, in a nationwide radio address, that Brazil was under a new regime of government, the Estado Novo (New State). Characterized by the centralization of power, nationalism, anti-communism, and authoritarianism, the Estado Novo lasted until 1945 when Getúlio was overthrown by the Armed Forces.

Today in Brazil: Getúlio Vargas establishes the New State (Estado Novo) in Brazil

Getúlio’s rise to power also came through a coup, and there was virtually no opposition. As soon as he took power, Getúlio Vargas closed the National Congress and abolished political parties. He imposed a new constitution that granted him complete control of the executive branch and established a new legislature. However, during his time in power, no democratic elections were held. One of the characteristics of Getúlio Vargas’s government was the pursuit of a national identity for Brazil.

Matheus Araújo - Brazilian History
Matheus Araújo
Founder and Editor at Brazilian History | Website

Matheus is an entrepreneur at Araujo Media, where he serves as CEO and Creative Director. He shares analyses on his personal blog "matheusaraujo.me" and is currently pursuing a degree in Advertising and Propaganda. Moreover, he has a passion for history, particularly that of Brazil, which led him to become the founder and editor of the Brazilian History portal.