The importance of Joaquim Nabuco in Brazil during the 19th and early 20th centuries is quite evident, as his actions played a crucial role in the abolition of slavery. He is the author of famous yet curiously lesser-known works such as “Abolitionism” and “My Formation.” Joaquim Aurélio Barreto Nabuco de Araújo was born in Recife on August 19, 1849, and died in Washington, United States, on January 17, 1910. Nabuco was a Brazilian politician, diplomat, historian, jurist, orator, and journalist who graduated from the Law School of Recife. He was one of the founders of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. On his birth date, August 19, the National Day of the Historian is celebrated.
It is no secret to anyone the case of revocation of the Princess Isabel Order of Merit by the Ministry of Human Rights, which is seen by Dom João de Orleans e Bragança, the great-grandson of Princess Isabel, as “another revengeful primacy” of recent governments. The Order, created by former president Jair Bolsonaro in December of last year, has now been revoked by the Lula government, which has instituted the Luiz Gama Human Rights Prize in its place.
Following Brazil’s declaration of independence, the country was focused on creating its first constitution. In 1823, one year after the separation from the Kingdom of Portugal, a constituent assembly was formed, but it had a highly interventionist nature and envisaged significant state involvement, contrary to the ideals of Dom Pedro I. For this reason, the emperor dissolved the constituent assembly and personally issued a new constitution, promulgated on March 25, 1824.