On September 7, 1822, on the banks of the Ipiranga River in São Paulo, an important chapter in the history of Brazil was written with the “Cry of Ipiranga.” It was at this moment that Dom Pedro I proclaimed the political independence of Brazil from Portugal, using the memorable words “Independence or Death.” This event marked the end of Portuguese rule in Brazilian territory, becoming a milestone in national history.

The painting "Independence or Death" by Pedro Américo

The “Cry of Ipiranga,” which occurred on September 7, 1822, was preceded by the “Day of ‘Fico'” on January 9, 1822. On that day, Dom Pedro I refused to comply with the demand from the court in Lisbon to return to Portugal, clearly indicating his intention to prevent the attempt to recolonize Brazil. He proclaimed the famous phrase: “If it is for the good of all and the general happiness of the nation, tell the people that I am staying.” This marked an important step towards Brazil’s political independence from Portugal.

Just a few days before the proclamation of Brazil’s independence, Maria Leopoldina, the wife of D. Pedro and then regent princess, signed a decree on September 2 declaring Brazil’s separation from Portugal. D. Pedro was busy in São Paulo at the time, calming down heated tempers. Maria Leopoldina used her authority as the interim head of the government to convene a meeting with the Council of State, during which the independence document was signed.

Brazilian History
Matheus Araújo
Founder and Editor at Brazilian History | Website

Matheus is an entrepreneur at Araujo Media, where he serves as CEO and Creative Director. He shares analyses on his personal blog "matheusaraujo.me" and is currently pursuing a degree in Advertising and Propaganda. Moreover, he has a passion for history, particularly that of Brazil, which led him to become the founder and editor of the Brazilian History portal.