The Palácio Rio Negro in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, is the official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic since 1903.

The official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic of Brazil

Built in the 1890s, it belonged to Manoel Gomes de Carvalho, the Baron of Rio Negro. In 1903, the Palace was incorporated into the Federal Government and became the official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic. Since then, it has been visited by Rodrigues Alves, Afonso Pena, Nilo Peçanha, Hermes da Fonseca, Wenceslau Brás, Epitácio Pessoa, Artur Bernardes, Washington Luiz, Getúlio Vargas, Gaspar Dutra, Café Filho, Juscelino Kubitschek, João Goulart, and Costa e Silva. Its most frequent visitor was President Getúlio Vargas, who, during his 18 years in office, never failed to spend a summer in Petrópolis.


The official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic of Brazil
Rio Negro Palace
The official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic of Brazil
Rio Negro Palace
The official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic of Brazil
Rio Negro Palace

The palace was used more frequently when the city of Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Brazil. Since the government headquarters were transferred to the country’s capital, Brasília, the visits of presidents to the Palácio Rio Negro have drastically decreased. The palace was not used in the 1970s and 1980s. President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, in the 1990s, resumed the use of the palace for brief vacations.

The official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic of Brazil
Rio Negro Palace
The official summer residence of the Presidents of the Republic of Brazil
Rio Negro Palace

Currently, the Palácio Rio Negro is a museum administered by IPHAN. It features an eclectic style and has a beautiful facade. However, inside, very little remains original, as each president who arrived wanted to change everything to suit their taste and follow the fashion – from furniture to decorations and accessories.

Brazilian History
Matheus Araújo
Founder and Editor at Brazilian History | Website

Matheus is an entrepreneur at Araujo Media, where he serves as CEO and Creative Director. He shares analyses on his personal blog "matheusaraujo.me" and is currently pursuing a degree in Advertising and Propaganda. Moreover, he has a passion for history, particularly that of Brazil, which led him to become the founder and editor of the Brazilian History portal.