Spanish is one of the most spoken languages throughout Brazil, especially in regions near the borders with Spanish-speaking countries like Uruguay and Argentina. This is due to the ease of travel and the possibility of attending Spanish schools in cities like Buenos Aires. An example is the state of Rio Grande do Sul, which shares borders with these countries, resulting in a direct influence on everyday Spanish usage. Many who live in these areas end up learning both languages, and this is common among people involved in commercial, political, and social relations between the two countries.
According to data from the Ethnologue website, Brazil has around 460,000 fluent Spanish speakers, a considerable number given the fluency requirement for counting. This makes Spanish one of the most spoken languages in the country, alongside English and French. Spanish speakers are concentrated in tourist areas and in states bordering Spanish-speaking countries, such as São Paulo, Bahia, and Rio de Janeiro, due to strong economic relations and tourism in these regions. Those who live in these areas and work in commerce or tourism often learn Spanish due to the clientele that speaks this language.
Additionally, in states bordering Spanish-speaking countries like Rio Grande do Sul, Acre, Roraima, Mato Grosso, Paraná, and Santa Catarina, Spanish plays an important role due to the region’s history and international relations.
Reference: Diário da Manhã de Pelotas. EM QUAIS ESTADOS DO BRASIL O ESPANHOL É AMPLAMENTE FALADO?. Brazil, October 21, 2022. Available in: Em quais estados do Brasil o espanhol é amplamente falado? | Diário da Manhã (diariodamanhapelotas.com.br). Accessed on: August 19, 2023.
Matheus is an entrepreneur at Araujo Media, where he serves as CEO and Creative Director. He shares analyses on his personal blog "matheusaraujo.me" and is currently pursuing a degree in Advertising and Propaganda. Moreover, he has a passion for history, particularly that of Brazil, which led him to become the founder and editor of the Brazilian History portal.