“Carlos Gomes’s Last Days,” a 1899 painting by Domenico de Angelis and Giovanni Capranesi.

The painting “The final days of Carlos Gomes” by Domenico de Angelis and Giovanni Capranesi

In the eve of the end of the monarchy, Carlos Gomes was still awaiting his appointment as the director of the Conservatório de Música in Brazil. During this time, the republic was established through a coup in 1889, and his great friend and protector, Dom Pedro II, was exiled. The newly installed republic’s government offered him the sum of 20,000$000 (twenty million réis) to compose a new national anthem, but the maestro refused out of respect for the deposed emperor. Carlos Gomes passed away in 1896 due to a malignant throat tumor.

Reference: Collection of the Belém Art Museum

Matheus Araújo - Brazilian History
Matheus Araújo
Founder and Editor at Brazilian History | Website

Matheus is an entrepreneur at Araujo Media, where he serves as CEO and Creative Director. He shares analyses on his personal blog "matheusaraujo.me" and is currently pursuing a degree in Advertising and Propaganda. Moreover, he has a passion for history, particularly that of Brazil, which led him to become the founder and editor of the Brazilian History portal.