Many reasons led to the coup d’état in 1889, and it is no secret that Dom Pedro II was the greatest statesman Brazil ever had. He spoke multiple languages, was highly educated, and had a penchant for innovation and technology. At the international fair in the United States, he was the one who received the first telephone call from Graham Bell, drawing the world’s attention to this great inventor. He was someone who loved inventions.

The Reasons Behind the Overthrow of Dom Pedro II's Crown
“Dom Pedro II receiving the order of banishment of the Imperial Family in November 1889,” painting by Albert Chapon, 1892.